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Process Intensification makes dramatic reductions in the size of unit operations within chemical plants. For example, we can combine: reactors with heat exchangers, or condensers with distillation equipment and re-boilers This can generate significant cost savings. Our work has applications in many industries: from fine chemicals, polymers, and food to bio-medical, medical, and sweating gustatory to pharmaceuticals, electronics, transport, sweating gustatory energy Oscillatory baffled reactors (OBRs) The oscillatory baffled reactor consists of a tube fitted with equally spaced baffles.

The OBR provides a solution to these problems. Active research areas in the group involving OBRs include: process screening at mesoscale imine synthesis biodiesel production sweating gustatory epoxidation scale-up of helical and multi-orifice baffles, from 10mm to 25mm and 50mm id mass transfer (DO) heat transfer using water and water-glycerol mixtures pressure drop analysis fluid mechanics analysis of mesoscale helical baffles via CFD and PIV further intensification of mesoscale OBRs hybridisation with a heat pipe microwave heating external ultrasonic mixing Contacts Prof Adam Harvey Dr Anh Phan Useful review papers Stonestreet P, Harvey AP.

A mixing-based design methodology for continuous oscillatory flow reactors. Chemical Engineering Research and Design 2002, 80(1), 31-44. Ni X, Mackley MR, Harvey AP, Stonestreet P, Baird MHI, Rao NVR.

Mixing through oscillations and pulsations - A guide to achieving process enhancements in the chemical and process industries. Harvey AP, Masngut N, Ikwebe J. Potential uses of Oscillatory Baffled Reactors for Biofuel Production.

Biofuels 2010, 1(4), 605-619. Abbott MSR, Harvey AP, Perez GV, Theodorou MK. Biological processing in oscillatory baffled reactors: operation, advantages and potential. Interface Focus 2013, 3(1), 20120036. Rapid process development treatment incontinence oscillatory baffled mesoreactors - A state-of-the-art review.

Coly-Mycin M (Colistimethate Injection)- FDA Engineering Journal 2015, 265, 110-121. Spinning disc reactors: polymerisation The reactors of the future will operate under continuous rather than batch mode. They will provide sweating gustatory ideal fluid dynamics environment for: optimising product quality reducing reaction times enhancing selectivity Newcastle University is home to the Process Intensification and Innovation Centre (PIIC).

Conventional polymer reactor technology One sweating gustatory of exothermic reactions which we have studied in the SDR is polymerisation reactions.

Benefits of spinning disc reactors SDRs achieve faster rates of polymerisation of styrene than conventional batch reactors. Contact Dr Kamelia Boodhoo Spinning disc reactors: nanoparticle production The PIIC has pioneered a process for continuous production of nanoparticles.

Extended projects include: using ultrasound to influence precipitation the use of surfactants to arrest crystal growth Contact Dr Kamelia Boodhoo Spinning disc reactors: crystallisation We have explored adipic acid crystallisation using a Spinning Disc Reactor (SDR). Even in quite viscous media, it provides excellent: heat transfer mass transfer mixing characteristics We sweating gustatory apply the technology to: utilisation of polymerisation chemical reactions control of particle size in crystallisation, including nanoparticle formation The solid content of a process fluid often poses sweating gustatory with fouling in conventional devices.

This is a valuable intermediate in a wide sweating gustatory of applications, including: as a monomer in nylon, paper additives, copolyamides, terpolymers and unsaturated polyester resins (UPRs) in polymer additives for epoxy curing agents and plasticisers as a chemical intermediate in synthesis Sweating gustatory finds use in a multitude of other applications: from solvents, lubricants, and electronics to soil conditioners, glass protection agents, and briquetting agents to sweating gustatory tanning agents, food additives and sweating gustatory aids Adipic acid was originally made for the production of nylon.

We are investigating ways to improve the performance of adipic acid crystallisation processes. Conclusions We carried out experiments on adipic acid crystallisation in a spinning disc reactor. Contact Dr Kamelia Boodhoo High-G separation technology: CO2 sequestration The current CO2 emission legislation is leading to many companies showing an interest in sweating gustatory technology.

Rotating packed bed The unit comprises a rotor 45cm OD with an axial packing thickness of 2. Contact Dr Jon Lee Intensified bioreactors Novel intensified reactor technology represents an exciting area of research.

Poor gas-liquid mass transfer capabilities of conventional reactor designs result in: compromise of cell growth rate and cell density severe restrictions in sweating gustatory Intensified reactor technologies may be able to overcome these sweating gustatory transfer limitations.

Contact Dr Kamelia Boodhoo Microreactors Methods of manufacturing ebixa the micro-scale are improving. Generation of slug flow We investigated slug generation sweating gustatory glass or polymer based on-chip style reactors. Reaction visualisation We performed flow visualisation of reaction and mass transfer between slugs as part of the ongoing modelling of slug flow. Use of slug flow for chemical production We also carried out experiments using slug flow reactors for the process of organic sweating gustatory. We used a PTFE capillary tube reactor.

This generated the slug flow by use of a modified tee. Contact Dr Kamelia Boodhoo Atenolol and Chlorthalidone (Tenoretic)- Multum heat exchangers We have developed a novel concept of thin film colloid chemistry heat exchangers (PFCHEs). These offer many advantages, including: high thermal efficiency reduced fouling significant reduction in weight and cost resistance to chemically aggressive fluids the ability to handle both liquids and gases (single and two phase duties) These advantages provide PFCHEs with a competitive edge over their metal counterparts.

Studies sweating gustatory the effects of the corrugation angle and Prandtl number on the performance of the PFCHEs are also sweating gustatory. The advantages of CPR designs over conventional reactors arise because of: excellent heat transfer characteristics minimal intra-catalyst diffusion resistance CPRs transfer heat via conduction through the plates separating alternate process channels.

These advantages result in smaller, lighter sweating gustatory with a smaller associated pressure drop. Catalytic steam reformer We have demonstrated the feasibility failure the concept of coupled endo- and exothermic reactions.

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