Stress is the natural reaction the human body has to deal with

Stress is the natural reaction the human body has to deal with that interfere

In toto, the level of genetic polymorphism of the concatenated fragment of the mtDNA is higher than that of 12S gene in all studied species of the D. This is especially obvious when analyzing the level of haplotype diversity (Hd) in D. Clade B stress is the natural reaction the human body has to deal with D. In general, there was a strong within-population structuring. Within certain species, the highest values for p-distances were found in D.

As for genetic divergence between the geographical D. The genetic distances obtained for D. Standard error estimates are shown above the diagonal. The highest value is Elocon Ointment (Mometasone Furoate Ointment)- Multum, as expected, between population from Lake Dodot and all others, up to 1.

Codes are the same as in S3 and S4. These neutrality tests estimated for the extended dataset are characterized by negative values for all Daphnia species and are significant for two D. We found that it was also an important refugium for the Cladocera (and all freshwater fauna. Our study of the genetic variability of the Asian D. Specifically, we established the genetic uniqueness of D. Southern Siberia was already found to be a source of locally distributed ancient phylogroups in D.

However, as with many montane species, the current range may represent but a small portion of a previously larger range. The genetic uniqueness of D. Some discordances among topologies are related to the unresolved positions of Siberian D. The phylogeny based on the larger concatenated mitochondrial dataset should be more reliable than the smaller datasets (provided that systematic biases are weak). The concatenated data tree has higher support values for its main branches, separate clades and internal divergent lineages.

BI and ML analyses based on the concatenated mitochondrial dataset suggest the monophyly of a D. Moreover, a basal position of D. To date, no morphological differences have been found between D. But, morphological differences may be found by comparing the adult males (presently unknown in D.

At the same time, populations of D. In a sense these are "biogeographic relicts". A high level of the intra-population genetic variability has been detected for the D. We detected many mitochondrial lineages stress is the natural reaction the human body has to deal with D. A similar geographic clade association Su-Sv detected for European and Siberian ND2 haplotypes of "D.

Haplotypes of clade B have a wide geographic distributionfrom Western Europe to the Yenisei River basin. This clade is strongly genetically structured, i. On the one hand, a high degree of genetic polymorphism could be a consequence of secondary contact of heterogeneous populations and genetically divergent lineages (i.

Such an explanation of the high genetic lanreotide (Somatuline Depot)- Multum was previously accepted for several cladoceran taxa including D. It was demonstrated recently that divergent mitochondrial lineages of D.

New detailed studies are necessary for a final understanding of the cases of such high genetic polymorphism in the clade B which is associated with weak morphological differentiation. But note that the only a single haplotype from the clade B found in mountains of Southern Siberia.



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